F1. Tree of Life (easy)
хугацааны хязгаарлалт 2 секунд
санах ойн хязгаарлалт 256 мегабайт
оролт стандарт оролт
гаралт стандарт гаралт
Heidi has finally found the mythical Tree of Life – a legendary combinatorial structure which is said to contain a prophecy crucially needed to defeat the undead armies.
On the surface, the Tree of Life is just a regular undirected tree well-known from computer science. This means that it is a collection of n points (called vertices), some of which are connected using n - 1 line segments (edges) so that each pair of vertices is connected by a path (a sequence of one or more edges).
To decipher the prophecy, Heidi needs to perform a number of steps. The first is counting the number of lifelines in the tree – these are paths of length 2, i.e., consisting of two edges. Help her!
The first line of the input contains a single integer n – the number of vertices in the tree (1 ≤ n ≤ 10000). The vertices are labeled with the numbers from 1 to n. Then n - 1 lines follow, each describing one edge using two space-separated numbers a b – the labels of the vertices connected by the edge (1 ≤ a < b ≤ n). It is guaranteed that the input represents a tree.
Print one integer – the number of lifelines in the tree.
Орчуулсан: [орчуулагдаж байгаа]
4 1 2 1 3 1 4
5 1 2 2 3 3 4 3 5
In the second sample, there are four lifelines: paths between vertices 1 and 3, 2 and 4, 2 and 5, and 4 and 5.